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Suparinpei Kata

Kata Suparinpei (also pronounced Superenpei) is one of the original Kata from Ryu Ru Ko Sensei while he was in Fuzchou in the Fukien Province of Southern China and was handed down to Kanryo Higaonna Sensei and on to Kenwa Mabuni. It is one of only four-Kata still pronounced in its Chinese form. Visually it is similar to the Chinese White Crane Kata and … Read more


There are numerous reliable, authentic sources one may access to gain a clearer picture of how karate & kata were practiced in Okinawa during its peak in the mid-1800’s and what significant factors changed during its introduction into Japan during the 1920’s and subsequent global popularity. Old style Okinawan karate (Toudi or Tode) was totally … Read more

Who is who in the Dojo

Sensei Sensei means teacher and is used as respectful form of address for instructors and karateka of very high rank. They generally sit on the joseki (Shinzen or shomen) side. When entering a dojo bow to the joseki (Shinzen or shomen) first and then to sensei then ask for permission to train in his or … Read more

Shu Ha Ri

   Shu Ha Ri is a term the Japanese use to describe the overall progression of martial arts training, as well as the lifelong relationship the student will enjoy with his or her instructor. Shu can either mean “to protect” or “to obey.” The dual meaning of the term is aptly descriptive of the relationship between … Read more


Muscle Fiber Types There are two types of muscle fibers, fast twitch (FT) and slow twitch (ST). Fast twitch fibers are used for explosive type movements and are easily fatigued. Slow twitch muscle fibers contain more mitochondria than Fast twitch. Mitochondria are cell structures that contain specific enzymes which are required by the cell in … Read more